Umer Series In Urdu/Hindi (Umar Farouk) 


Learn more about the 30-episode series showcasing the life of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, the second Caliph of the Islamic State, before and after he embraces Islam.

Omar Series In Urdu /Hindi 

Omar ibn al-Khattab was the child of Khattab ibn Nufayl; he was brought into the world in Mecca in 584 CE. Albeit knowledgeable, he was enamored with and talented in battling and horseback riding; he had procured truly standing as a grappler. As Paul the Apostle in Christianity, Umar was a persecutor-turned-devotee; he at first scorned Muhammad however at that point turned into a sincere supporter, and on occasion, he even shielded the Muslims against actual badgering from the Meccans.
While the majority of Muhammad’s mates sneaked away from Mecca undetected during the hegira (movement to Medina in 622 CE), Umar is said to have transparently proclaimed his flight and provoked anybody to prevent him from doing such – nobody did. In Medina, he kept on broadening his help for Muhammad and was one of his nearby partners, he even took part in the clashes of Badr and Uhud (624 and 625 CE separately). His girl Hafsa (l. 605-665 CE), who had been bereaved in 624 CE, was hitched to the Prophet in 625 CE, thus making Umar his father by marriage, close by Abu Bakr, solidifying his relationship with the Prophet.

Umar ibn al-Khattab (r. 634-644 CE) was the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 CE, as the initial four caliphs are alluded to by the Sunni Muslims). He was an early believer of Islam and one of the nearby associates of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE). After the passing of Muhammad, he gave his most extreme and faithful help to Abu Bakr, who then turned into the principal caliph. After Abu Bakr’s demise in 634 CE, Umar turned into the following caliph – he proceeded with his ancestor’s missions and broadened his territory further from the Arabian Peninsula. Notwithstanding various military victories, his reign was set apart with wonders in the organization. After his passing, he was prevailed by Uthman ibn Affan (l. 579-656 CE) as the third leader of the Rashidun Caliphate.

Early Life and Conversion to Islam

Umar ibn al-Khattab was the child of Khattab ibn Nufayl; he was brought into the world in Mecca in 584 CE. Albeit knowledgeable, he was enamored with and talented in battling and horseback riding; he had procured truly standing as a grappler. As Paul the Apostle in Christianity, Umar was a persecutor-turned-devotee; he at first scorned Muhammad however at that point turned into a sincere supporter, and on occasion, he even shielded the Muslims against actual badgering from the Meccans.
While the majority of Muhammad’s mates sneaked away from Mecca undetected during the hegira (movement to Medina in 622 CE), Umar is said to have transparently proclaimed his flight and provoked anybody to prevent him from doing such – nobody did. In Medina, he kept on broadening his help for Muhammad and was one of his nearby partners, he even took part in the clashes of Badr and Uhud (624 and 625 CE separately). His girl Hafsa (l. 605-665 CE), who had been bereaved in 624 CE, was hitched to the Prophet in 625 CE, thus making Umar his father by marriage, close by Abu Bakr, solidifying his relationship with the Prophet.

Caliphate

After Muhammad’s passing, Umar acknowledged Abu Bakr’s capacity and gave him full help in his bid for the administration of the local area, assisting him with turning into the principal Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate; this position was additionally challenged by the sectarians (Shia) of Ali ibn Abi-Talib (l. 601-661 CE, one more close friend and child in-law of the Prophet). After Abu Bakr’s prosperity, Umar filled in as his guidance and advanced an extraordinary arrangement from him too (in particular initiative). Caliph Abu Bakr (r. 632-634 CE) confronted open disobedience of renegades (individuals who had neglected Islam) all around the Arabian Peninsula. He oppressed every one of them in what came to be known as the Ridda Wars or the conflicts of renunciation (632-633 CE). Subsequent to rejoining the Arabs, Abu Bakr sent off attacks into Byzantine-held Syria and Sassanian-held Iraq in 633 CE, which proved to be fruitful when of his passing in 634 CE (in spite of a minor misfortune in Iraq).

UMAR’S FIRST PRIORITY WAS TO CONSOLIDATE HIS HOLD OVER THE EMPIRE and GET A GRIP ON THE ADMINISTRATION.

The most striking military figure of Abu Bakr’s time was Khalid ibn al-Walid (l. 585-642 CE), Abu Bakr had loved him (notwithstanding his blemishes) for his one-of-a-kind ability in fighting. Khalid’s abilities ended up being truly necessary for the Ridda Wars and in the ensuing intrusion of Iraq too; from Iraq, he moved to the Syrian front to face a significant Byzantine counterattack, on the sets of Abu Bakr, at the Battle of Ajnadayn (634 CE). That day ended up being a definitive Muslim triumph yet Abu Bakr didn’t sufficiently live to partake in the achievement and the Muslim development in Iraq had likewise been compromised in Khalid’s nonattendance. At his passing bed, Abu Bakr selected Umar as his replacement, who then, at that point, turned into the Caliph in 634 CE (he added the expression “administrator of the loyal” after his title) and governed for a considerable length of time until 644 CE. Umar’s primary goal was to unite his hold over the domain and figure out the organization, he then turned his consideration towards the continuous missions in Iraq and Syria.
Umar stripped Khalid of his order of the Syrian division for questionable and exceptionally discussed reasons. He rather shared the order with his number one individual: Abu Ubaidah (l. 583-639 CE), a sympathetic pioneer and a genuine man of honor; he had likewise been one of Muhammad’s #1 mates (there were ten altogether, four of whom were the four Rashidun Caliphs). The Caliph additionally built up the Muslim powers in Iraq with new soldiers under another pioneer: Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (l. 595-674 CE).

Skirmishes of Yarmouk and Al-Qadisiyya

In 636 CE, the Byzantine Empire struck back at the Muslims. In spite of the fact that Khalid was as of now not authoritatively in order, he was profoundly regarded by the fighters attributable to his skill in fighting, and, taking his recommendation, the Muslim powers withdrew to the Yarmouk River. It was here that the fight that would decide the destiny of the locale for quite a long time into the future occurred. The world-class Byzantine soldiers dwarfed their adversaries, yet Khalid was no more unusual in battling against chances. The Byzantines experienced a devastating loss; the military was steered by butchers and many died due to suffocating in the stream. Not in the least did the Muslim situation in Syria become uncontested yet they additionally grabbed hold of the Levant before long; later around the same time, they were at the entryways of Jerusalem – the third holiest Islamic city, likewise heavenly for the Jews and Christians.

Further Imperial Gains

Subsequent to reinforcing his hold over Syria and the Levant, in 640 CE, Umar was persuaded by Amr ibn al-Aas (l. c. 573-664 CE, one of the tactical administrators who had been shipped off Syria in Abu Bakr’s rule) to attack Egypt on the affection of removing Byzantine maritime attacks on the Levant. Umar, a man of wary nature, was hesitant at first to gamble on such a fantastic endeavor however he ultimately twisted to Amr’s will. Built-up by the Caliph’s powers under Zubayr ibn al-Awamm (l. 594-656 CE), Amr confronted the Byzantine armed force, which was unequivocally crushed in the Battle of Heliopolis (640 CE), and by 642 CE, Egypt had been taken.

Organization

The tactical accomplishments of Umar’s rule will generally stay the point of convergence of most chronicles expounded on him, yet his regulatory abilities effectively eclipse the accomplishments on the field, probably the main highlights of Umar’s strategy are as the follows:
• Merciful terms were proposed to recently vanquished individuals, including strict opportunity; despite the fact that they were to pay a unique duty called jizya.
• The acquisition of land in recently gained regions was precluded.
• Troops were housed independently from nearby populaces in post-urban communities.
• Annuities, police power, courts, and remittances were acquainted with work with individuals.
• A long-lasting state depository called Bayt al-Mal (place of fortune) was laid out.
• A firm legal framework in view of preeminent guidelines of equity was laid out.


To individuals who had gone under his standard through victory, he offered permissive terms, low expenses, complete security from harmful lead representatives or troops, and strict freedom. Since non-Muslims were excluded from the installment of aid (zakat) or from military obligation (which was required of all healthy Muslims), they were dependent upon a different expense – jizya, and they were alluded to as dhimmi (safeguarded individuals). Umar additionally held ancestral fights of the troublemaker Arabs back from surfacing through his severe rule – his replacements wouldn’t be essentially as effective as him in doing as such.
Rather than dispersing vanquished lands among troops, as probably been normal from a desert sheik, Umar presented annuities for his men (to be paid by a regulatory office named the diwan) and permitted landowners to hold their properties. He additionally protected the recently vanquished individuals from attack from rebel fighters by building post-urban areas to house the armed forces – separate from local people: instances of such urban communities remember Fustat for Egypt and Kufa and Basra in Iraq.

In his fruitful rule of a decade, had Umar controlled really as well as figured out how to take all of the Sassanian domains and a significant piece of the previous place that is known for the Caesars. These tactical additions, which were a preface of what might be on the horizon, would keep on carrying stacks of income to the realm – which would in time be utilized to fund stupendous tasks, for example, the Al-Aqsa mosque, whose establishments were set somewhere near Umar in Jerusalem (it would be additionally glorified by resulting rulers).
Umar’s regulatory framework would shape the fundamental structure on which Islamic Caliphates would keep on being overseen by his replacements after his demise. The Islamic schedule – one of the main legacy of Muslims, was formed by him; in view of the Arabian lunar schedule, it holds the time of the hegira as year zero, for example 0 AH/Zero “After Hegira” (Prophet Muhammad’s movement from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE).
Umar’s character and his authenticity have been dependent upon discussion. While the Sunnis (who hold the case of each of the four Rashidun Caliphs as similarly genuine) view him as a man of firm norms of profound quality and equity, Shias, then again, see him as a savage individual. Besides, while standard Sunnis view his case of Caliphate as being real, by far most of the Shias think of him as a usurper (close by Abu Bakr and Uthman). However such discussions keep on seething on among the Muslims even hundreds of years after his passing, and there is by all accounts no limit to them in sight, no levelheaded individual can sabotage his accomplishments.

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